The Interreg V-B Adriatic-Ionian programme, better known as ADRION, is a European transnational programme that works within the familiy of INTERREG, one of the key instruments of the European Union (EU) supporting cooperation across borders through project funding. ADRION promotes cooperation and solidarity between eight Partner States within the Adriatic and Ionian region, including Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia.
ADRION acts as a policy driver and governance innovator, giving support to European integration among its Partner States as well as enhancing economic, social and territorial cohesion in the Adriatic and Ionian region.
Challenges and Opportunities
The Adriatic and Ionian region is a place of considerable differences. On the one hand, it is home to some highly competitive regions, which are global leaders in research and development and have excellent research facilities and systems of product quality certification. Its rich, natural and cultural heritage makes the Adriatic and Ionian region one of the most attractive tourism destinations in the world. Situated at the crossroads between the Mediterranean, Eastern Europe and Asia, it has a strategic geographical location and enormous potential for growth in the transport system.
On the other, it has also a large number of territories with poor economic performance, limited research capacities, and low manufacturing productivity. Some areas are affected by increased household waste production and low air quality. Moreover, the transport links among Partner States, as well as the transport connections between coastal and inland areas suffer from imbalances on the two coasts of the seas.
Source: EEA, 2014, own design (red: urban areas, green: forests, yellow: agriculture, grey: barren lands)
By creating funding opportunities, ADRION’s purpose is to contribute to reduce the disparities in the Adriatic and Ionian region. To achieve this, MEUR 118 has been allocated, coming from two European financial sources:
- MEUR 83,5 million from the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF)
- MEUR 15,7 million from the Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance (IPAII)
The remaining MEUR 18,8 are Partner States’ contribution (national contribution).
In general, ADRION grants subsidies to beneficiaries through calls for project proposals. When a call for proposals is launched, interested applicants shall submit their project proposals in accordance with programme requirements and application form. The submitted project proposals are assessed according to the eligibility and quality criteria. These criteria are defined with the aim to deliver the best results for the Adriatic and Ionian region, while also addressing identified challenges and development needs in an integrated manner.
The Basis of the Programme
ADRION is ruled by a Cooperation Programme, drafted by an ad hoc task force composed by representatives from each Partner State. The cooperation programme is structured in priority axes and related expected outputs and results, defined following a careful examination of the needs and opportunities of the Adriatic and Ionian region. The main findings were provided in the Territorial Analysis document, which also included a SWOT analysis. Further two documents contributed to the development of the cooperation programme: the ex-ante evaluation and the strategic environmental assessment.
With reference to the European Territorial Cooperation geography, ADRION cooperation programme was drafted also taking into consideration the lessons learnt in the previous programming period 2007-2013 by South East Europe Transnational Programme and IPA Adriatic Cross-Border Programme.